Int J Aging. 2024;2: e1.
doi: 10.34172/ija.2024.e1
  Abstract View: 372
  PDF Download: 178

Original Article

Aging Population in Vietnam: Challenges, Implications, and Policy Recommendations

Anika Maheshwari 1 ORCID logo, Greeni Maheshwari 2* ORCID logo

1 Independent Researcher, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2 RMIT University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
*Corresponding Author: Greeni Maheshwari, , Email: greeni.maheshwari@rmit.edu.vn


Objectives: This paper aimed to critically examine challenges of Vietnam in addressing its aging population, highlighting its status as the third fastest aging nation in ASEAN, after Singapore and Thailand. The primary goals are to grasp the impending demographic shift and offer recommendations for policymakers.

Design: This study is a comprehensive review providing insights into the aging situation in Vietnam. It focused on short and long-term strategies to tackle challenges posed by the rapidly growing older adult population. It contextualized the aging issue in its socio-economic landscape. The review spanned 2020 to 2050, outlining the expected transformation in the population aged 65 years or above.

Setting(s): The study has focused on Vietnam’s aging population by consolidating the secondary data sources.

Participants: The study is a secondary data and hence various secondary sources have been used to analyze the data of this study.

Interventions: There are no interventions used in this study. Outcome measures: Anticipated changes in the percentage of the population aged 65 years or above serve as outcome measures. This commentary projects an increase from nearly 7% in 2020 to 14% by 2035, tripling to 21% by 2050, indicating the magnitude of the aging challenge in Vietnam.

Results: The present review proposes recommendations to address the aging issue, including boosting the skilled workforce, investing in technology and research and development (R&D), enhancing human capital, promoting international migration, creating additional funding opportunities, and introducing social protection measures. The results section encapsulates these suggested strategies as potential solutions to identified challenges.

Conclusions: Vietnam faces a significant aging challenge with a rapid increase in the older adult population. This commentary advocates for a proactive approach by policymakers. The recommended strategies, both short and long-term, aim to mitigate economic and social challenges associated with an aging population. The conclusion stresses the importance of timely and effective policy measures to ensure sustainable development amid demographic changes in Vietnam.

Please cite this article as follows: Maheshwari A, Maheshwari G. Aging population in Vietnam: challenges, implications, and policy recommendations. Int J Aging. 2024;2: e1. doi: 10.34172/ija.2024.e1
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Submitted: 27 Oct 2023
Accepted: 27 Nov 2023
ePublished: 11 Mar 2024
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