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Int J Aging. 2023;1: e8.
doi: 10.34172/ija.2023.e8
  Abstract View: 720
  PDF Download: 409

Original Article

Obesity Prevalence Among Older People in Tabriz, Iran: Data from Health Status of Aged People in Tabriz (HSA-T) Study

Fathollah Pourali 1 ORCID logo, Mostafa Araj-Khodaei 2 ORCID logo, Mohammad Hasan Sahebihagh 3 ORCID logo, Somaiyeh Taheri-Targhi 2, Nahid Karamzad 4 ORCID logo, Anthony Villani 5 ORCID logo, Sarvin Sanaie 6* ORCID logo, Akbar Azizi-Zeinalhajlou 7* ORCID logo

1 Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 Department of Persian Medicine, School of Traditional Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
5 School of Health, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, QLD, Australia
6 Neurosciences Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
7 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: Sarvin Sanaie, Email: sarvin_so2000@yahoo.com; Akbar Azizi-Zeinalhajlou , Email: akbarazizi55@gmail.com

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the obesity prevalence in a representative sample of community-dwelling older adults in Tabriz, Iran.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting(s): Tabriz, the capital of East Azerbaijan Province, Iran.

Participants: A representative sample of 1071 (514 males and 557 females) community-dwelling older adults aged≥60 years were selected using the probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling method. Then, anthropometric measures were conducted on 1041 subjects (506 males and 535 females).

Outcome measures: Anthropometric measures including weight, height, body mass index (BMI), hip circumference (HC), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) were conducted and used for the evaluation of overweight and obesity. Obesity was determined according to traditional BMI classifications and population-appropriate WC criterion cut-offs for the estimation of central adiposity.

Results: The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 37.4%, 95% CI: 34.5 to 40.4 and 34.3%, 95% CI: 31.4 to 37.3, respectively. Obesity was more prevalent in females (46.6%, 95% CI: 36.9 to 57.2) than in males (21.2, 95% CI: 13.5 to 30.3), but the overweight prevalence was greater in males. Moreover, mean BMI was lower in males than in females (26.9±4.2 kg/ m2 vs. 29.9±6.0 kg/m2 ; P<0.001) and significantly decreased with increasing age. Similarly, mean WC was lower in males than in females (99.7±13.6 cm vs. 102.3±14.3 cm; P=0.002) and decreased significantly with age.

Conclusions: The high prevalence of obesity in older people highlights the necessity of designing effective healthy lifestyle interventions and national policies to focus on dietary modification and lifestyle changes and promote physical activity to reduce obesity in aged people, particularly in older Iranian women.


Please cite this article as follows: Pourali F, Araj-Khodaei M, Sahebihagh MH, Taheri-Targhi S, Karamzad N, Villani A, et al. Obesity prevalence among older people in Tabriz, Iran: data from health status of aged people in Tabriz (HSA-T) Study. Int J Aging. 2023;1: e8. doi: 10.34172/ija.2023.e8
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Abstract View: 721

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Submitted: 16 Feb 2023
Revision: 07 Mar 2023
Accepted: 07 Mar 2023
ePublished: 30 May 2023
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