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Int J Aging. 2023;1: e5.
doi: 10.34172/ija.2023.e5
  Abstract View: 547
  PDF Download: 410

Original Article

The Burden of Cancers and Their Attributable Risk Factors Among Iranian Adults Aged 70 and Above, 1990-2019

Maryam Noori 1 ORCID logo, Seyed Ehsan Mousavi 2, Kimia Motlagh Asghari 3, Seyed Aria Nejadghaderi 4,5, Mark J M Sullman 6,7, Ali-Asghar Kolahi 8* ORCID logo

1 Student Research Committee, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Hematology and Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Research Center for Integrative Medicine in Aging, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4 School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Expert Group (SRMEG), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Life and Health Sciences, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus
7 Department of Social Sciences, University of Nicosia, Nicosia, Cyprus
8 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Ali-Asghar Kolahi,, Email: a.kolahi@sbmu.ac.ir

Abstract

Objectives: To report the burden of cancers and their attributable risk factors among Iranian adults aged 70 and older by age, sex and type of cancer from 1990 to 2019.

Design: Systematic analysis.

Outcome measures: Data on the incidence, death, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to cancers were obtained from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2019 for Iranian adults aged 70 and older from 1990 to 2019. The counts and age-standardized rates (per 100000) were reported, as well as 95% uncertainty intervals.

Results: In 2019, cancers had an age-standardized incidence rate of 10985.6 per 100000for adults aged 70 and above in Iran and an age-standardized death rate of 853.2, which was 13.8% higher than in 1990. In 2019, the age-standardized DALY rate was 11892.5, which had not changed significantly since 1990. The age-standardized DALY rates of cancers, among Iranian adults aged 70 and older, were the highest and lowest in Ardebil (17246.2) and Hormozgan (7723.1), respectively. The age-standardized DALY rates peaked in the 75-79 age group and then reduced with advancing age. The rates for males were higher than for females. Nationally, high tobacco consumption (18.0%), high body mass index (BMI) (5.1%), high fasting plasma glucose (5.0%), and dietary risks (5.0%) had the four highest attributable DALYs for cancers in 2019. Finally, stomach cancer, tracheal, bronchus and lung cancer, and colon and rectum cancer had the highest DALY rates among the elderly Iranian population in 2019.

Conclusions: Despite the steady incidence rate of cancers, the mortality rate among elderly Iranians has risen over the last three decades. The implementation of cancer prevention measures, in particular screening programs, would help alleviate the future increase in the burden of cancer among the elderly in Iran.


Please cite this article as follows: Noori M, Mousavi SE, Motlagh Asghari K, Nejadghaderi SA, Sullman MJM, Kolahi AA. The burden of cancers and their attributable risk factors among Iranian adults aged 70 and above, 1990-2019. Int J Aging. 2023;1: e5. doi: 10.34172/ija.2023.e5
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Abstract View: 548

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PDF Download: 410

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Submitted: 22 Jan 2023
Revision: 07 Mar 2023
Accepted: 10 Mar 2023
ePublished: 16 Apr 2023
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